hot new technologies for american factories isn\'t it obvious by now? manufacturing and infotech are made for each other. the following pages tell of new electronic ways to track products along the supply chain, upgrade giant machines, and train employees
-Smart label identification for tracking parts and products and the standard way to track products in the process of factories and supply chains has always been a familiar barcode.
From canned beans to car body, it has been used on everything for 25 years and is a passive recognition mark like a license plate.
Each of its stripes represents a coded number, but the stripes are as immutable as your thumb print.
If the content or destination of an industrial part or product changes, the new bar-
Code tags must be printed and attached.
The use of bar codes also requires a lot of Labor.
According to industry data, up to 60% of workers in the warehouse took the time to verify the barcode.
Even in highly automated identification systems, for example on primary packaging, items must be queued separately for scanninghandling firms.
More and more industries are turning to a better approach called Radio.
Radio frequency identification, or RFID.
\"Radio frequency\" refers to the wave at a wavelength suitable for wireless communication.
RFID systems use plastic labels instead of bar codes, sometimes as small as two matches placed side by side.
Embedded in it is a digital storage chip that is the same size as the needle.
Labels contain much more information than barcodes.
Because radio is used, it is not necessary to carefully align the marked product when scanning.
In its more complex \"reading-
RFID has more amazing advantages.
The user can change the information on the label without touching or removing the label.
For example, he can change the itinerary of a certain part on the floor of the factory, or change the destination of the goods, or divide it into smaller parts that go to different cities.
Bar code is a stupid rabbit compared to smart RFID.
\"RFID is one of the hottest topics in the supply field --
\"Chain operations,\" says Craig K.
Iowa on, president of Cedar Rapids QED Systems, Iowa, a consulting firm in the field of data --
According to risk development
A research firm based in Nautica, Massachusetts
Currently, the RFID business operates $0. 9 billion a year, up more than 35% annually.
About 59% of the tags are read-
The company said, write type.
In a typical reading
Write the app, the product with the RFID tag moves down the conveyor or through the warehouse door on the forklift.
Marked products pass through \"doors\" or check points, the size and shape of the fixed antenna are the same as the small plate.
The transmitter sends a bunch of radio waves through the antenna to the chip inside the label to read the information stored in the label, change the information, or pass new information.
This small RFID tag has its own antenna, a copper plated ring.
Most RFID tags are \"passive\" in the sense that there is no battery or power supply \";
The information on the chip bounces back to the antenna through the signal.
From the sky, the data is transmitted through an e-reader, the e-reader decodes the ID of the tag and other information and sends it to the host PC or workstation, where it can be viewed on the screen.
The information on the RFID tag can be obtained by placing it on a plate 100 feet away.
The user does not have to queue up to scan the product because the radio waves emitted by the antenna fan out in a cone and the label can be found no matter where they are ---
Even the packages buried under the other boxes on the tray. (
A metal object that cannot be penetrated by radio waves is an exception;
Their RFID tags must be placed on the surface. )
RFID systems can read up to 50 tags per second-
40 times faster than the barcode scanners.
Bar codes, especially those printed on paper labels, are often damaged.
The plastic RFID tag is not only harder, but is still readable despite the accumulation of dirt or other substances on the label.
RFID chip makers say the chip can be read and \"written\" at least 100,000 times, but that number is only a guarantee.
Since there are no mechanical parts that can be worn out, the chip can theoretically exist forever.
While the latest barcode can contain the equivalent of 1,000 numbers and letters, the RFID chip can hold 64 times the information. Thus, the read-
Write tag is a small database that is being transferred and can be managed and synchronized with other databases of the company.
This capability offers interesting possibilities for the development of today\'s fast supply chain.
Consider, for example, \"in-
Transit inventory consolidation.
\"By using RFID tags throughout the supply chain, configuration-to-
The order assembler can closely coordinate the arrival of the final assembled components.
A report from Gartner Group, a computer industry observer based in Stamford, Connecticut.
An example of a hypothesis is cited.
The customer orders the computer, specifying the type of keyboard, monitor, and central processing unit (CPU).
He hopes to assemble and deliver in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
The keyboard is from Puerto Rico, the display is from Malaysia, and the CPU is from Cork, Ireland.
At present, during transportation, the Assembly personnel are unable to track the components easily and cheaply.
Therefore, the schedule of the assembly is delayed until all components arrive from a distance
The origin of the loss.
Because manufacturers are usually not paid until computers are assembled and delivered, this delay costs money.
However, Gartner reports that if RFID tags can closely monitor the movement of incoming components, it will not waste time.
Assembly personnel can arrange work on the day the assembly is expected to arrive.
RFID is the product of the invention of the Second World War radar.
Its commercial use begins at 1970.
Only the versions of the marked cattle, which are not suitable for bar codes. Read-
Only RFID tags for rail freight cars and locomotives, in part because they do not require linesof-
The next step is visual scanning.
Only RFID tags allow your car to pass through the electronic toll booth.
A reader in Florida
Write the version further and immediately tell the driver his current balance of the charged account.
RFID extends to tags that show dogs and cats, and their regular metal tags may be lost or stolen. Alton J.
Unova CEO Brandon, $2-billion-a-
Annual Industrial Group in Woodlands Hills, California, has put read-
His two Labrador hounds have only RFID tags on them.
It is appropriate for Brann to use the label because of the Unova subsidiary, Intermec Technologies of Everett, Wash.
Is a leader in the latest RFID applications.
Compact makes it possible to put these chips into the dog: The chip is injected under the skin with a syringe. (UFO-
Interestingly, the experts claimed that the residents who visited the UFO had implanted needles --sized RFID-
Like a bullet tracking the whereabouts of some people on Earth. )
In manufacturing, the use of RFID tags began to be quite large in the 1980 s.
Large automakers are starting to use the RFID \"bricks\" made by Allen because of their size
Bradley and others. Those big read-
Only labels have been attached to the body of the paint shop, and some car manufacturers are still using it.
Since then, companies like Intermec, Siemens, TI, Philips and Motorola have reduced the bricks to the size of thumbnails.
Tiny chips built into RFID tags cost 30 cents per piece.
Much more expensive than a bar-
Code tags that cost a penny. Other RFID-system costs--
Such as antennas, transmitters and readers--
Over the bar-code scanner.
However, in the long run, the comparison cost is a cleaning due to the infinite reusability and versatility of RFID tags.
On the one hand, RFID tags can save costs because a lot of frequently used information can be stored on the chip.
They also saved time.
When using a barcode, information about a particular item must be stored on the server and looked up over the LAN or the Internet.
The delay in connecting to the server and finding information can take several minutes.
RFID also has a great advantage.
When companies exchange goods along the supply chain, they can limit the information on RFID tags to what outsiders need to know.
On the other hand, if a customer or supplier reads the company\'s barcode, they usually have to use the company\'s computer to find information related to that \"license plate.
\"Unless access is strictly restricted, this will jeopardize the disclosure of competitive information.
Smart labels can be a boon to shippers of sensitive products, such as medical supplies and explosive chemicals, who want to know who finally \"touches\" a shipment.
The extra memory on the RFID chip allows each shipper to update the label so that there is a record of the entire shipping history on the package.
In the event of an emergency, such as a chemical leak, have such as so-
Safety Data Sheets requested by the federal government are available on site--
Inside the RFID tag. -
Not in a remote database.
As a precaution, trucks transporting chemicals can be equipped with hand-held readers.
Such selling points enable companies like Intermec to open up new markets for RFID.
Intermec is new to the RFID space, but a veteran in Automatic identification and data collection: it makes bar-
Reading Machine, Handheld Inventory instruments and other equipment.
Intermec bought an advanced read a few years ago
RFID technology developed at IBM\'s Watson Research Center in York Heights, New York. Y.
And named it intelliitag.
About a year ago, Intermec\'s RFID business really started to flourish when it cleverly inserted RFID into some bars --code tags.
The company\'s strategy is to introduce RFID without tearing off the bar-
Bar codes don\'t go away overnight, especially big retail companies like Walmart
Even in some industrial companies.
Barba Pier Hickman, vice president of Intermec in charge of industry relations, noted that the first large-scale use of RFID tags was in the warehouse of large trading companies, and pallets or packages would be processed automatically quickly through RFID doors.
RFID recognizes these batches of items as soon as they pass through.
However, bar codes still play a role in tracking the individual packages of chewing gum or small industrial parts.
In some manufacturing workshops, Yi tengmai and its competitors are pushing RFID tags as the only tracking system.
There are 70 pilot projects in progress in Yi tengmai alone, many of which are in industrial companies.
Siemens, Omron electronics (
I\'m from Schaumburg.
Subsidiaries of large Japanese control manufacturers)
There are also smaller companies.
Most manufacturing companies are reluctant to talk about their use of RFID due to competition.
At a recent international conference
For example, at a sponsorship conference in Colorado Springs, only an engineer from Ford Motor, a company, introduced a pilot RFID project and gave a rather cautious introduction to it.
Yi tengmai\'s smart system is being tested at four Ford factories, they said, but declined to disclose their location.
Later, Ford allowed fortune to photograph the use of RFID at an assembly plant in Windsor, Ontario on the other side of the Detroit River.
According to Alan F.
Hyrila, chief staff engineer at Ford\'s senior Manufacturing Company, is interested in tracking parts to improve manufacturing process control.
On the label, Ford entered data such as unique label ID, part type, factory location and timedate stamp.
The pilot study went well, with data accuracy reaching 100% and no system downtime reported, Hyrila said.
The only problem Ford encountered was the difficulty of installing RFID tags on metal products such as car engines.
Ford also concluded that better packaging was needed to protect the label from the cleaning fluid used by the plant.
The solution used by Ford in the pilot run, as shown in the photo before this story, is to pack the label with a cloth.
Ford\'s overall satisfaction with the pilot program does not mean that the automaker lacks a long-term wish list for RFID: it wants the technology to be available at a price similar to a barcode and more reliable than a visual system or barcode.
Ford also wants the RFID tag to work at temperatures of minus 40 degrees to 200 degrees Fahrenheit and to be able to withstand movement and shock.
Another Intermec customer, Weyerhaeuser, for $12billion-a-year forest-
Plans to streamline manufacturing and distribution processes with smart technology.
The initial application will focus on improving inventory traffic at the Weyerhaeuser plant.
Finished paper rolls with RFID tags will be tracked from manufacturing to shipping.
The company also wants to provide RFID to its customers.
Customer site applications will include tracking of raw materials and packaging to improve supply
Jim Keller, vice president of packaging and recycling for cardboard, said he wanted RFID to meet customers\' needs for \"instant, automatic and accurate data.
\"This trend can only accelerate.
Some \"channel Masters\" such as Texas Instruments and P & G have asked their trucks, railroads and airlines to collect and share items --
Level information of inventory in transit.
A report from Gartner Group said: \"In order to achieve pipeline visibility, each trading partner must collect and share more data than it is today.
\"What\'s a better way than using the\" smart \"RFID tag they can talk?
For the behemoth of metal cutting, the better brain gives the impression that in the age of information technology, industrial production is an original age error and should see the most impressive in the work
It is called OpenCNC, provided by the manufacturing data system (MDSI)
A small private holding company located in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Since the medium term, its sales have grown at an average rate of more than 300% per year. 1990s.
The software is as advanced as anything in dot. com world.
OpenCNC is a new method to guide the operation of computer numerical control (CNC)
Machine tool, multi-functional work of metal cutting.
This is a breakthrough in several ways.
First of all, it is an open system.
It replaced hard.
Wired proprietary control, different types of CNC machines are different from another type, PC-
Run software that can guide any machine.
Secondly, it extends the life of the old CNC machine.
It can also install machine tools on the Internet or on the company\'s intranet, enabling one to have multiple
As a network of urban manufacturing businesses running its machines.
A wide range of CNC equipment includes machining centers, lathes, milling machines, and many other sophisticated cutting and forming metals to make parts, molds, and molds.
In the action of internal sync, the CNC machine can be as complex as any Symphony Orchestra, sometimes performing up to six different machining operations at the same time, while automatically replacing the worn-out-
Out of the drill, tray.
The vast majority of 95% CNC machines are controlled by proprietary electronic boxes provided by tool manufacturers, widely referred to as hardware controls.
They take the old form
Logic controller (PLCs)
Difficult to program, and costly \"sports-
It\'s kind of like the \"control card\" of drop\"
A volume that enables the player to play a tune on the piano.
In a networked world, almost all 3 million CNC machines in the world are independent --
Islands in the Internet revolution.
Now, OpenCNC removes the mouse nest and other bulky tools behind the CNC machine in one fell swoop.
Install on a CD
ROM, the new CNC software costs $4,000 to $17,000 per machine tool, well below hard control and runs on a PC with a Microsoft NT operating system.
Cost up to $6,000 even if the machine needs a separate \"developer kit\"-
This is not the case. -
OpenCNC is much cheaper than other products.
Unlike hardware controls, it can be updated over the Internet.
Users of OpenCNC include Boeing, Caterpillar, Detroit Diesel, General Electric, Lockheed Martin, Emerson Electric, three major automakers, and many others.
This software has brought us a lot of benefits.
Since they no longer need to learn complex proprietary control languages, training time for CNC machine operators has been cut.
Also, since OpenCNC is a general purpose program, he can operate any CNC machine once the operator has mastered it.
\"We can hire an operator from any of our regions,\" said James F . \"
As one of MDSI\'s largest customers, Curley, director of manufacturing engineering at Tecumseh Products \"moved him to another area where we needed him and he would sit on that machine and feel comfortable with the control system.
He is leaving with it.
\"Headquartered in Tecumseh, Michigan.
Curley\'s company is a $2 company. billion-a-
Annual manufacturer of air pumps and components
Air conditioning and refrigeration systems for lawn and garden equipment as well as engine and power components.
Bob Burroughs, vice president of the PIA group with Cincinnati Machine precision industrial automation-
Tool makers, praising the new software for being widely available anywhere and working with any CNC machine.
\"In fact, OpenCNC makes our hardware
He said: \"Independence means that if there is a fault, we can go to the local computer store, replace the components or subsystems, and resume business in a few minutes, not for a few months.
\"OpenCNC turns machine tools into information-
Generator, record and display thousands of data points about the operation of the machine when cutting metal.
It is no longer necessary to calculate the part by hand.
The same data can be transferred automatically for statistical quality-
Production control procedure
Plan the operation and maintenance plan.
With more information, machine operators gain flexibility.
\"With OpenCNC, I can manipulate the machine as much as I want,\" said Thomas N . \"
Dana, CNC electronics technician at Dana\'s Spicer Off-
Highway Products Department in Statesville, NC.
Dana is making years of upgrades to a large number of CNC machines to OpenCNC.
The ability to collect so much data in real time, things that are not easy to do before OpenCNC, points to a No. too-
In the distant future, manufacturers with extensive production facilities will be able to connect their machine tools to a network.
This will enable managers to quickly check machine utilization and available capacity in order to respond quickly to changing customer needs.
This is not a daydream.
Tecumseh Products are trying such a plan to first connect their factories in the United StatesS.
Then expand the post bar to foreign countries, with 30 factories in 7 countries.
When manufacturers saw OpenCNC as a way to modernize old CNC machines, it became popular.
According to industry data, 60% of CNC control systems have a history of more than 9 years, and the timing of replacement is ripe.
The Global CNC control market is $3.
1998 8 billion the sold 220,000 units.
The traditional hardware control, especially the aging hardware control, has its limitations.
Where: when new parts appear, the CNC machine must stop metal cutting frequently
Loading the production program into it.
This presents an opportunity for Jim fall, now 44, CEO of MDSI.
At the beginning of the fall, OpenCNC was provided to companies wishing to transform their machines with new controls.
OpenCNC looks so good for many manufacturers that it can\'t be true.
\"I don\'t believe it,\" said Kevin Smith of Dana . \"
Process engineering manager.
Not only did OpenCNC solve the retrofit problem, Smith said, but \"to my surprise, they got the machine running in three days.
\"Jackson\'s Melling Tool, Mich.
, Able to save a bundle when upgrading the CNC machine.
In 1995, the company produced a variety of parts, accessories and components for aerospace, automotive and other industries, trying to sell an expensive three-
Unreliable and unreliable shaft CNC vertical machining centerof-date controls.
Although it costs only $13,000 a quarter, no buyers were found. The ten-year-
As tool users say, the old machine still has a good iron, which means that it is good except for the brain.
But it is only available 20% of the time due to control issues.
A traditional control unit will cost $35,000 plus $5,000 in materials and $8,000 in installation labor.
Before Melling heard about OpenCNC, scrap machines seemed to be the only way out.
By installing the software, Melling has increased the efficiency of the machine by 100%
Cost of new CNC machine.
Parts of Cessna aircraft
Manufacturing plant in Wichita, Kansas.
Provides a particularly persuasive example of an update to an old device.
Engineers there are working on how to continue using three key CNC machines called the Trumpf router.
Like the big cookie cutter, these complex German
The machine manufactured cuts half of the aircraft parts from the speaker panel to various structural partsinch-
Four aluminum sandwiches of 8 feet thick.
These three routers make no less than 30,000 different items, accounting for 60% of all Cessna aircraft parts.
But the control becomes unreliable.
The Trumpf Machine ran only 40% of the time, forcing Cessna to outsource router work for nearly $1 million a month.
Philip nc is the solution chosen by Philip L.
Campbell, director of manufacturing engineering manufacturing systems at Cessna, and his subordinates.
By switching to the new software, the Cessna engineer gets about three hours of production on the router every day.
A big time saver: even if the router continues to work, the part program can now be downloaded in seconds.
The router utilization has doubled to 80% and Cessna has been able to stop outsourcing.
In addition, Cessna engineers can solve 95% of the router problems that occur at night without leaving home.
The router with the problem will automatically trigger the pager.
Not long ago, Curtis Cook, an engineer at Campbell\'s department, received an alert in the early hours of the morning and he saw an input on the laptop screen
The output port on the router is not responding.
An error in the control logic seems to be caused by the switch not closing properly.
Cook sent a command to force the switch to turn on and off multiple times.
A metal chip was stuck under the original switch;
Cook\'s remote command removed it.
The router is back to normal operation--
Cook went back to bed.
Cessna is planning to transform machines such as OpenCNC.
More efficient production should reduce the $5 planemaker.
8 billion of the backlog, which even forces the richest points
Yen with a $18 million Cessna business jet waiting for delivery for at least two years.
Two prominent figures from MDSI, computer scientist Bruce north, 58, and mechanical engineer Charles Hutchins, 66, spent nearly a decade developing software capable of taking over CNC control
They know all about CNC machines because the original incarnation of MDSI was a pioneer in CNC programming languages in the 1970 s.
The MDSI was sold to Schlumberger, but they revived it as an independent company in 1995.
North is the vice president of technology and chairman of Hutchins.
They have overcome great challenges.
They have to design software controls and synchronize the workflow inside the machine tool with millisecond accuracy.
Like a musician who directs a symphony, their software must control all the axes, spindles, servo mechanisms and motors that are in three-
The dimension \"symphony\" of rotation, agitation, rotation and movement \".
Their work turned out to be the latest version of OpenCNC, which they patented last year.
7 years of early version experience and nearly 2 million hours of production time show that yes, Virginia, you can control the machine tool completely with software.
Not long ago, some manufacturing people worried about the \"blue screen of death \"---a PC crash--
If they use Microsoft computers, they will appear on their computers.
New NT operating system
However, OpenCNC using NT has been running on hundreds of machine beds in 210 manufacturing plants in seven countries, and no PC crashes.
Unlike computers in the office, the way these computers are used makes them less likely to be eliminated.
Large traditional control manufacturers like Allen
Bradley, finaco, Siemens, Mitsubishi and some of the smaller vendors now offer some software control.
But some industry watchers find the market lacking enthusiasm.
\"Control vendors see software control as a threat to their traditional hardware sales,\" said Kevin Pouty, an analyst at AMR Research in Boston . \".
Nevertheless, the control manufacturers are beginning to feel the pressure from Daimler Chrysler, Tecumseh, Dana and other companies that are now asking their new machine tools to be equipped with OpenCNC.
OpenCNC is highly rated by industry analysts.
Dan Miklovic, vice president of Gartner Group, said: \"MDSI\'s open controller is fulfilling the promise of others . \" He has first-hand experience in the factory.
So far, MDSI has faced only three small direct competitors, each in Germany.
All in all, this is a dream situation. E-
Learning has come to the workshop of 1,100 workstations and computer server fitters at Sun microsystems\'s large factory in Newark, California.
From Silicon Valley through San Francisco Bay, into the world of e-commerce. learning.
Previously, when the factory had an \"active process alert\", it would normally involve changes in assembly methods, and an engineer would come to the factory and explain it to a technician named manufacturing training specialist.
The technician will then be in contact with the most directly relevant team and will guide the worker on how to comply.
The Assembly personnel now receive these instructions electronically.
They receive flashing alerts on the Sun workstation screen hanging from the workplace.
They then learned about the change, which could be as small as using a green line instead of a blue one, as explained in the sentence.
More complex changes can lead to graphic instructions on the screen, sometimes even TV clips.
Now, all the alerts are recorded in an easy-to-access database, which makes John Aleck happy.
As Sun\'s global manufacturing training manager operating outside of the Newark plant, Aleck has for some time focused on uneven paper records of alerts and worker responses.
\"It\'s a nightmare to look for those scraps,\" he said . \".
\"They get lost or misquoted.
Dig, dig, dig in someone\'s filing cabinet.
Sometimes these cabinets are locked.
\"Handling process alerts more efficiently is just a small part of the new emaillearning and e-
Sun\'s training system.
Assembly workers can, for the first time, improve their understanding of work by using a large number of companies
Create an electronic course. Finding e-
It\'s easy to learn topics.
For example, if an assembler wants to know how to avoid scratching the cabinets of workstations and servers being assembled, he or she just type the word \"scratch\" in the header box under all classes on the workstation screen.
The course will appear in a few seconds.
In general, the course takes about 30 minutes, although some courses take up to 10 minuteshour sessions.
The worker does not need to leave the designated location to attend the course during the downtime on the assembly line.
Organization of Newark factory workers--
Become an independent team of 21 people-
Enables teams and technicians to schedule up to four hours of uninterrupted e-commerce
Training during working hours.
On slow days, a team may take lessons on how to avoid the worker\'s body\'s electrostatic discharge of the product being assembled. A natural high-
The voltage spark from the body will destroy a new $1,200 hard drive inside the computer server.
This class tells an assembly person how to wear defense.
Spark the gear and keep his or her feet on the anti-discharge platform. E-
Learning is also called distance. learning or on-Need to learn.
Unlike in-class training, it is available at any time during the day or at night.
\"If there are swing classes or weekend classes, they can do that at any time,\" Aleck said . \".
E-Learning provides unparalleled shortcuts for individual and collective training of workers.
Aleck added: \"You can notify the workforce by mass email
They need the email information to attend the course.
They can accept that their skills will improve immediately.
\"In addition, companies can easily track what employees learn.
Students are tested online before and after email
This has a special advantage.
If a student misses a problem, says Jerry Nese, manager of Sun\'s \"network Academy\"
The study plan can show the material he did not reabsorb and re-test it before he fully understood it.
\"You can\'t do this in the classroom without embarrassing the students and wasting a lot of time,\" Nisi said. Leader in e-commerce
In terms of learning, Sun has trained computer programmers for a period of time through the electronic courses offered by Sun university, its corporate teaching system. Bringing e-
It\'s recent to learn the assembly line, but Sun is not alone.
Fitters at Cisco Systems can use e-learning like Sun, and it has transformed 90% of its courses from paper courses to e-courses
Thomas M. says the last 12 months of study
Kelly, vice president of global training. Along with on-
Cisco provides real-time training programs for specific schedules to meet the learning needs of users.
In the Internet version of the classroom, these programs allow students to interact directly with field teachers via audio, video or emailmail.
This trend is not limited to Silicon Valley companies with workstations and PCs.
It spread rapidly among this old crowd.
Economic industries such as Kodak, Motorola, Rockwell Collins and Cutler-Hammer. A Pittsburgh-
Subsidiaries of Eaton Corporation
Can generate electricity
Control equipment for industrial use
Hammer has just set up a corporate university to train new employees and update the knowledge of old technicians and engineers. Cutler-
Hammer\'s online courses include subjects such as motor control Foundation and circuit breaker Foundation.
The latter course is characterized by graphics, such as hand drawing (
Push along the ball (
Represents the current)
Indicates the pressure of the voltage required to keep the current moving. E-
Learning is expected to grow rapidly.
According to Brandon Hall, Brandon\'s presidentHall.
A consulting firm in Sunnyvale, California
Is also the author of the Web
According to his forecast, about 10% of corporate learning will be done on computers by 2003, and that number will reach 50%.
Most of today\'s computer learning is done with CD.
But Hall wants to email online.
Learning to grow faster, because it is a cheaper way to spread knowledge and can be updated quickly.
The computer will still not completely eliminate the classroom, and from now on, according to Hall, the classroom will account for the other half of the Company\'s learning. Sun\'s brand-
The new manufacturing workers still have a week of classroom instruction, as well as complex manufacturing tasks such as assembly of jet engines or the operation of computer machine tools, with the help of field experts who use real engines and machine tools, they are still taught the best.
Hall and other experts said it was well designed.
Learning can be more effective than most classroom teaching.
If that is the case, it can meet a major need because there is more to be learned by workers today.
Both products and production methods are becoming more and more complex.
Sun launches a new product every four months and must master new assembly technology.
In addition to this, workers must learn government safety rules and international iso9001 quality standards
Effective training is the only way to survive for many industries because they need to recruit a large number of new employees.
A study by the University of Michigan shows that half of today\'s auto workers will start receiving pensions in 2003, which will give them 240,000 shocking jobs.
The shortage of skilled computer operators in manufacturing plants and offices is already serious.
To ease the shortfall, Sun, Cisco and other Silicon Valley giants hired what they call \"pick teams\" that roam through the poor areas of East Palo Alto and even homeless shelters to recruit students. E-
Learning grows faster than CD
Rom for various reasons.
It takes time to create a CD-
ROM, sometimes up to 9 months.
\"When it\'s ready, the information on it may be out of date,\" Sun\'s Aleck said . \".
\"He\'s not going to use a CD-
Rom of Newark factory.
The production cost of a car could be as high as $200,000. hour CD-
ROM\'s course materials are decorated with fancy graphics and TV animations.
Set the cost of one hour e-commercelearning--
Course content included--
Up to $100,000, only $5,000.
Due to limited bandwidth, online learning cannot match the rich material presented on the CDROM. E-
Teachers bypass this limitation by simplifying their graphics
The hammer is finished with its hand and ball image. To reduce e-
The cost of learning is further improved, and the company often promotes the setup and operation of training programs
Called an application service provider.
Sun has recruited viklogix from Torrance, California.
, A leading name in a niche that burst at the seamslearning booms. CEO Thomas W.
Kristy predicts that private-held sales will grow by 300% this year.
Telelogix focuses on the transmission of email
Learning Plan for plant floor.
Growing up in manufacturing, Christie still has a small semiconductor equipment manufacturer in Los Angeles. Setting up e-
Training in manufacturing is much harder than sending a group of executives to a week-long training seminar, he said.
One of the reasons is the complexity and flexibility of manufacturing.
For each manufacturing customer, Kristy has to customize his software and charge up to $600,000 for a particularly difficult job.
His client is from a GE jet engine factory in Ontario, California.
Robert Mondavi Vineyard in the northern part of the state.
By signing up with these service providers-
Including big companies like Hewlett.
Pacard, who is entering the scene. -
Companies do not need to buy expensive servers to store teaching materials.
Companies like buglogix do it for them.
Goglogix typically maintains its own Sun server battery with a capacity of enough to handle 300,000 student users;
2,000 you can log in to a specific course at the same time.
The \"water\" flowing through the electronic tube installed by phonlogix and others \"---
From many sources.
For Sun\'s active process alert, the content is-house.
Dozens of suppliers offer course content for e-commercelearning.
Those who specialize in manufacturing training include studying at ITC in vahendon.
, Va Chantilly\'s Meridian Knowledge solution.
Master technology of Mich Novi.
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