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do you really need a 5-axis cnc router in your machine shop?

by:Luteng CNC Parts     2020-09-19
A 3-
The axis CNC router involves the movement of the cutter rotating along the x, y and z, and is suitable for making parts that are not too deep. A 5-
The axis router adds 2 additional axis movements and is able to process shapes such as cubes from all 5 sides at the same time, thus reducing the setup and processing time.
However, it needs a longer x
Shaft, which may lead to lower stability and lower accuracy, requiring more attention from the operator.
The answer to the question of which machine we should use is the required manufacturing application.
In some cases, 3-
The D printer can be replaced or it can work along the router.
The CNC router, also known as the CNC milling machine, is a computerized CNC machine that can cut various materials using 3D cutting CAD/CAM software.
CAD/CAM converts your design into a toolpath so that your machine can create 3D shapes.
It can cut various types of materials such as wood, foam, plastic and metal.
When it comes to the axis of the router, we are referring to the movement of the machine it rotates on.
When talking about the axis, we are referring to a fixed dotted line for measuring the coordinates that the router will cut through it.
It can rotate X, Y, and Z, which means the machine can move horizontally from right to left (X-axis)
Before and after the level (Y-axis)
Vertical Up and down (Z-axis)
And around itself.
There is also an X for working toolsY-Z axis motion.
In addition to that, add the rotation motion in other directions and you have a 4 or 5-
Shaft machines or more.
In a nutshell, a 3-
The axis router includes moving the tool along 3 different axes so that it is suitable for parts and prototypes that are not too deep. A 4-
The axis router also adds axis of rotation motion called \"Axis a\" and 5-
The axis CNC router includes moving the tool along 5 different axes at the same time (
2 additional axes).
There is a concept that only 5 axis or more axis machines can perform more complex cuts, but is this a misconception?
We should be able to do almost any cutting for a month-
More complex shapes. However, the 5-
The shaft is able to process all five sides of the workpiece at the same time, thus contributing to the flexibility and capability of the machine operator and shortening the processing time.
For example, in the dice game of the machine, if one month is used-
Axis router, the machine can only cut one side of the dice in one operation.
The operator then has to turn the dice to process the other side and perform the new settings-
Up, sometimes the tool bit needs to be changed. Using a 5-
Shaft, the machine can cut all 5 sides of the dice at a time, 6 sides only need to turn the dice again.
There are extra 2 axis and larger x axisaxis on the 5-
The axis CNC router allows for shorter project times and is able to handle larger parts but with longer x-
The shaft will lead to lower stability and accuracy, requiring the full attention of the operator.
Therefore, on the one hand, we have machines that can create certain more complex shapes faster, so it may be more effective, but at the same time, the operation and maintenance costs of these machines are lower and more complicated.
So, how many axes do we need a CNC router?
Preference depends on the specific manufacturing application required and the final result required.
Here are some examples of which 5-
The axis router can be in 3 or 4-
Axis: 5-sometimes-
Axis CNC router is not enough, instead you need a 3-
Printer or both. Sometimes, a 3-
D printers are easier to use and less restrictive when producing shapes, but it is less accurate than the router and limited to the materials it can use, mainly confined to thermoplastic plastics and resins.
The bottom line is, 3-axis and 5-
However, you might consider 5-if the speed is the main-axis.
Keep in mind that the latest requires more difficult operations, resulting in more wear and tear, and higher costs.
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